Category: Infectious diseases

May 11

Type 2 diabetes and increased risk for malaria

Danquah I, et al. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and increased risk for malaria infection. Emerg Inf Dis 2010; 16 (1): 1601-1604
There may be an association between type 2 diabetes and malaria infection.

Apr 27

Zinc for the common cold

Singh M, Das RR. Zinc for the common cold. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD001364
Zinc administered within 24 hours of the symptoms of a common cold is associated with favourable outcomes but with some side-effects.

Mar 11

Cranberry juice fails for urinary tract infections

Barbosa-Cesnik C, et al. Cranberry juice fails to prevent recurrent urinary tract infection: results from a randomised placebo-controlled trial. CID. 2011;52(1):23-30
Cranberry juice is not associated with a lower incidence of UTI recurrence than placebo juice in young, sexually active college women.

Mar 04

Antiherpetic antivirals in pregnancy and birth defects

Pasternak B, Hviid A. Use of acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir in the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk of birth defects. JAMA 2010;304(8):859-866
No association was found between the use of aciclovir (Zovirax), or valaciclovir (Valtrex), in early pregnancy and major birth defects.

Feb 21

Maternal flu vaccination and flu infection in young infants

Eick AA, et al. Maternal influenza vaccination and effect on influenza virus infection in young infants. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010;0(2010):archpediatrics.2010.192
Maternal influenza vaccination during pregnancy has a limited effect on infant influenza-like illness.

Feb 11

Symptoms and signs of croup and epiglottitis

Tibballs J, Watson T. Symptoms and signs differentiating croup and epiglottitis. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. (2010) 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2010.01892.x
Cough and drooling can be helpful in differentiating croup and epiglottitis in children with acute stridor.

Feb 07

Antibiotics for acute otitis media in young children

Tähtinen PA, et al. A placebo-controlled trial of antimicrobial treatment for acute otitis media. N Engl J Med 2011; 364: 116-26
Children aged 6-35 months with acute otitis media may benefit from amoxicillin-clavulanate but at the cost of adverse events.

Feb 07

Predicting the need for imaging in febrile urinary tract infections

van Nieuwkoop C, et al. Predicting the need for radiologic imaging in adults with febrile urinary tract infection. CID 2010;51(11):1266–1272
A simple clinical prediction rule may predict patients with febrile urinary tract infection who would not benefit from radiologic imaging.

Jan 31

Cryotherapy vs topical salicylic acid for cutaneous warts

Bruggink SC, et al. Cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen versus topical salicylic acid application for cutaneous warts in primary care: a randomized controlled trial. CMAJ. October 19, 2010; 182 (15)
Cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen is more effective than topical salicylic acid ointment for treatment of cutaneous common warts.

Jan 17

MLV-related virus in blood samples of patients with CFS

Lo S-C, et al. Detection of MLV-related virus gene sequences in blood of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and healthy blood donors. PNAS September 7, 2010 vol. 107 no. 36 15874-15879
There appears to be an association between chronic fatigue syndrome and murine leukaemia virus-related virus.