Tag: BMJ

Mar 13

Yoghurt to prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhoea in children

Fox MJ, et al. BMJ Open 2015;5(1): e006474
Probiotic yoghurt appears to reduce the incidence of diarrhoea in children receiving antibiotics in general practice settings.

Mar 15

Do calcium supplements increase the risk of myocardial infarction?

Bolland M, et al. BMJ 2010; 341: c3691
Calcium supplements may increase the risk of myocardial infarction, but, there is substantial uncertainty in the estimate.

Nov 23

Is glucosamine effective for osteoarthritis pain?

Wandel S, J√ľni P, Tendal B, et al. BMJ 2010; 341: c4675
Glucosamine does not appear to be effective for knee or hip osteoarthritis pain.

Sep 28

Can exercise be a treatment for depression?

Chalder M, et al. BMJ 2012; 344:e2758
Recommending structured moderate or vigorous exercise in addition to routine GP care is not effective for the treatment of depression.

Dec 09

How can we treat hangovers?

Pittler MH, Verster JC, Ernst E. BMJ 2005; 331: 1515
There is no convincing evidence of the effectiveness of any hangover treatments.

Mar 30

Diagnostic x-ray and ultrasound and childhood cancer

Rajaraman P, et al. Early life exposure to diagnostic radiation and ultrasound scans and risk of childhood cancer… BMJ 2011; 342: d472
The excess risk of childhood cancer from diagnostic imaging in utero and early infancy remains unclear.

Mar 18

Blood pressure measurement; conventional vs automated

Myers MG, et al. Conventional versus automated measurement of blood pressure in primary care patients with systolic hypertension: randomised parallel design controlled trial. BMJ 2011; 342: d286
Automated BP measurement is significantly closer to waking ambulatory BP than conventional manual measurement.

Mar 14

Conventional CPR vs chest compression only

Ogawa T, et al. Outcomes of chest compression only CPR versus conventional CPR conducted by lay people… BMJ 2011; 342: c7106
Conventional CPR may be associated with better rates of survival than chest compression only CPR when conducted by lay people in out of hospital arrests.

Mar 07

Cardiovascular safety of NSAIDs

Trelle S, et al. Cardiovascular safety of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: network meta-analysis. BMJ 2011; 342:c7086
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) appear to be associated with increased cardiovascular risks.

Feb 28

B-vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids on vascular disease

Galan P, et al. Effects of B vitamins and omega 3 fatty acids on cardiovascular diseases: a RCT. BMJ 2010; 341:c6273
B-vitamin and low dose omega-3 fatty acid supplements are not associated with better vascular outcomes in people with ischaemic heart disease and stroke.