Category: Case-control study

May 11

Type 2 diabetes and increased risk for malaria

Danquah I, et al. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and increased risk for malaria infection. Emerg Inf Dis 2010; 16 (1): 1601-1604
There may be an association between type 2 diabetes and malaria infection.

Mar 30

Diagnostic x-ray and ultrasound and childhood cancer

Rajaraman P, et al. Early life exposure to diagnostic radiation and ultrasound scans and risk of childhood cancer… BMJ 2011; 342: d472
The excess risk of childhood cancer from diagnostic imaging in utero and early infancy remains unclear.

Feb 23

Antipsychotics and the risk of venous thromboembolism

Parker C, Coupland C, Hippisley-Cox J. Antipsychotic drugs and risk of venous thromboembolism: nested case-control study. BMJ 2010;341:c4245.
Antipsychotic drugs are associated with a 32% increased risk of venous thromboembolism.

Feb 04

PSA at age 60 and death or metastasis from prostate cancer

Vickers AJ, et al. PSA concentration at age 60 and death or metastasis from prostate cancer: case-control study. BMJ 2010;341:c4521
Men aged 60 years with a PSA < 1.0 ng/mL have less than a 0.5% risk of prostate cancer metastasis or prostate cancer death by age 85.

Jan 17

MLV-related virus in blood samples of patients with CFS

Lo S-C, et al. Detection of MLV-related virus gene sequences in blood of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and healthy blood donors. PNAS September 7, 2010 vol. 107 no. 36 15874-15879
There appears to be an association between chronic fatigue syndrome and murine leukaemia virus-related virus.