Category Archive: Infectious diseases

Jun 09

NSAIDs as treatment for uncomplicated urinary tract infections

Gagyor et al. BMJ 2015 Dec 23;351:h6544.
NSAIDs should not be recommended as a first line treatment for uncomplicated UTIs in women. Compared to empirical antibiotics, women experienced a significantly greater burden of UTI symptoms.

Mar 01

Duct tape to treat cutaneous warts

Kwok CS, et al. Cochrane database of systematic reviews 2012 Sep 12(9):CD001781
Duct tape should not be routinely recommended as wart therapy. There is no compelling evidence that duct tape is more effective than placebo.

Dec 05

Milk thistle for chronic hepatitis B

Rambaldi et al. Cochrane database Syst Rev 2007 Oct 17(4):CD003620
Milk thistle products cannot be recommended for chronic hepatitis B. Only limited research evidence of unclear/poor quality exists.

Jul 10

Pelargonium sidoides extract (Kaloba (R)) for the common cold

Timmer et al. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 10. Art. No .: CD006323.
There exists only very-low quality evidence of the effect of Pelargonium sidoides extract on the common cold.

Mar 13

Yoghurt to prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhoea in children

Fox MJ, et al. BMJ Open 2015;5(1): e006474
Probiotic yoghurt appears to reduce the incidence of diarrhoea in children receiving antibiotics in general practice settings.

Jul 11

Echinacea and the common cold in children

Taylor JA, et al. JAMA 2003; 290(21): 2824-30
Echinacea does not appear to be an effective treatment for the common cold in children.

May 24

Is yoghurt helpful for antibiotic-associated diarrhoea?

Conway S, Hart A, Clark A, Harvey I. BJGP 2007; 57(545): 953-959
Yoghurt eaters in this study might have suffered less antibiotic-associated diarrhoea as compared to those who ate no yoghurt.

Jun 08

Antibiotic drops for conjunctivitis in children

Rose PW, Harnden A, Brueggemann AB, et al. Lancet 2005; 366(9479): 37-43
The majority of children are cured by day 7 regardless of treatment.

Apr 13

Is vitamin C effective in treating the common cold?

Hemilä H, Chalker E, Douglas B. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD000980.
Oral vitamin C is not an effective treatment for the common cold in the general community.

Aug 19

Can cranberry prevent UTIs?

Barbosa-Cesnik C, et al. Cranberry juice fails to prevent recurrent urinary tract infection: results from a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2011; 52(1): 23-30
Cranberry juice is unlikely to be an effective prophylactic for recurrent urinary tract infections in young women.

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