Category: Prevention

Aug 31

Do vitamin D supplements reduce falls in older people living in the community?

Bolland et al. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2014 Jul;2(7):573-80
The beneficial effect of vitamin D on falls in otherwise well community-dwelling people is likely to be small, if it exists at all. Its routine preventive use cannot be justified on the evidence.

Aug 08

Does co-enzyme Q10 reduce statin-related muscle pain?

Banach et al. Mayo Clin Proc 2015 Jan;90(1):24-34.
The effect of CoQ10 on muscle pain in people on statin therapy is uncertain with the evidence limited and inconsistent. CoQ10 cannot be recommended as a matter of routine supplementation to prevent muscle pain in people taking statins.

Mar 15

Do calcium supplements increase the risk of myocardial infarction?

Bolland M, et al. BMJ 2010; 341: c3691
Calcium supplements may increase the risk of myocardial infarction, but, there is substantial uncertainty in the estimate.

Jun 22

Dabigatran versus warfarin for atrial fibrillation

Connolly SJ, et al. Dabigatran versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med 2009; 361:1139-1151
Dabigatran (Pradaxa) is non-inferior to warfarin for the prevention of strokes or systemic embolism, in non-valvular atrial fibrillation.

Apr 20

Statins in primary prevention and all-cause mortality

Ray KK, et al. Statins and all-cause mortality in high-risk primary prevention: a meta-analysis of 11 RCTs… Archives of Internal Medicine, 2010; 170(12): 1024-31 Statins were not associated with a benefit to all-cause mortality in a primary prevention setting.

Mar 02

DHA on maternal depression and neurodevelopment

Makrides M, et al. Effect of DHA supplementation during pregnancy on maternal depression and neurodevelopment of young children: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2010; 304(15): 1675-1683
DHA supplements in the later half of pregnancy are not associated with improvements in maternal depression or infant neurodevelopment.

Feb 28

B-vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids on vascular disease

Galan P, et al. Effects of B vitamins and omega 3 fatty acids on cardiovascular diseases: a RCT. BMJ 2010; 341:c6273
B-vitamin and low dose omega-3 fatty acid supplements are not associated with better vascular outcomes in people with ischaemic heart disease and stroke.

Feb 21

Maternal flu vaccination and flu infection in young infants

Eick AA, et al. Maternal influenza vaccination and effect on influenza virus infection in young infants. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010;0(2010):archpediatrics.2010.192
Maternal influenza vaccination during pregnancy has a limited effect on infant influenza-like illness.

Feb 16

Daily aspirin on long-term risk of death due to cancer

Rothwell PM, et al. Effect of daily aspirin on long-term risk of death due to cancer: analysis of individual patient data from randomised trials. Lancet 2011; 377(9759): 31-41
Daily aspirin (≥ 75 mg) taken by participants in cardiovascular studies reduced the risk of cancer death.